As soon as you decide what kind of peppers you want to grow, you need to get some seeds. You can find a number at the supermarket in the spring period or the gardening section of any house repair store. If you want to grow a good exotic species, you may have to buy your seed products online. An easy way to gather your seed products is to buy the type of chilies you wish to grow at the supermarket. You can clean out the seeds and grow them. Rinse them off and lay them on paper towels to dry. Be sure to wear protective gloves when handling hot peppers and wash your hands thoroughly when done harvesting the seeds.
Before sowing, you will need to germinate your seeds. The primary requirements for the seed to germinate are heat, moisture and oxygen. Start the process by layering them between moist, not wet, paper towels and placing them in a plastic handbag. Seal the bag and place this in a warm location, the top of the refrigerator works well. Germinating first helps to speed up the growing process. Keep your seeds moist and in the plastic until they start to swell or sprout. This process should only take a day or two.
Conditions need to be right in order for the seedlings to grow. Chile peppers grow best in warm sunny climates. The perfect temperature can be 23-30 degrees Celsius (about 73-86 degrees Fahrenheit). They need at least 6 hours of sunlight daily, but more is even better. All peppers originally come from tropical locations so you should try to create that type of atmosphere for them.
If you live in a cozy climate, you can plant the germinated seeds directly into the ground. If you live in a cool region, you can start the plant life indoors. When all danger of frost has past, transplant the sprouts outside. Do not start with a substantial container as this will encourage more root growth and less growth in the stems and leaves.
Vegetable your starters in small containers filled with potting soil. Fill your container ¾ full of soil then add the particular sprout, cover with a ¼ inch of soil and water. Never over water as you just would like the soil to be moist at this time. Cover the containers with plastic wrap. Doing this will help your seedlings to grow faster. The plastic wrap will hold in the heat and moisture, and you will not need to water them as often. Put the covered pots in a warm, sunny place, like a windowsill.
Following these guidelines will produce strong, hardy sprouts. During the germination stage and the first planting, your chilies usually do not require a lot of time or interest. All you need to do is check them about every other day to make sure they are moist and warm. The sprouting time will vary depending on the type of pepper a person selected, usually between 2-4 weeks. When the plants begin to show above the soil, you will be ready to begin the next phase of growing your soup peppers.
You have grown your soup seeds into sprouts, what arrives next? During the next stage, your plants will require a little more care plus attention. You do not have to be a garden guru to be successful. Your sprouts will need a lot more direct light at this stage. A windowsill or outdoor greenhouse is perfect. Follow this advice to get your sprouts from starters to fruit bearing plants.
Once the seedlings appear above the soil, remove the plastic covering. Your baby chilies will grow two sets of beginner leaves. The seed leaves as well as the true leaves. Pepper plants generally grow their leaves in pairs. When the first set grows in, go ahead and clip them off. These types of leaves are not necessary and only take away from the energy your plants need to grow. Keep the soil moist, not wet, and continue to give the sprouts plenty of light, at least 6 hrs a day.
When the true leaves show up, it is time to re-pot the sprouts. Maintain the containers small, no bigger than 4-6 inches in diameter. Fill the pots about half full of fresh dirt. Gently pull the sprouts in the starter pots and place in the brand new soil.
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Add soil around the stems until the pots are about ¾ full. Water just enough to soften them and place in a well-lit area. Your plants will need to be watered more often at this stage. Check the soil every other day. When the leaves start to turn brown round the edges, they are getting too much water.
Your will need to transplant your peppers one more time. You need to re-pot them once the roots start to grow through the drainage holes in the containers. If you are going to develop them in an outside garden make sure, all danger of frost provides past. Peppers also do well in container gardens either indoors or even out. Get the plants ready to shift outdoors by placing them outside, in the sun, for a few hours every day.
At this stage, you can begin fertilizing your chilies. Choose a fertilizer that has the right balance of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Tomato food works well for peppers. Buy the liquid fertilizer and mix half what the directions call for with water. Give food to your plants every other watering and they will produce more peppers. The vegetation will be susceptible to insects, like aphids, during this time. You can use a mild insecticide as needed.
With proper care, your plants will soon start to develop flowers. These flowers are the very first stage of the pepper pods. How long this takes, depends on the type of chili you planted. The flowers are often white or yellow in colour and not very large. Pollination is the process that turns the flowers in to chili pods.
If your plants are usually outdoors, bees will pollinate the chilies naturally. When growing all of them indoors, you will need to pollinate them yourself. You can do this by using the end of your pinky finger and gently rubbing it on the flowers. Another way is to use a small paint brush. Either method works and ensure that your plants will bear fruit.
As the pod develops, you will notice the center of the flowers turning green plus swelling. Soon the flowers will certainly fall off, and you will see the chili pods developing. Continue to care plus nurture your plants. Water plus feed them as necessary and make sure they get plenty of gentle. In no time, you will be able to harvest and revel in the fruits of your labor.